If there is 93% or less oxygen saturation on room air, the patient needs to be admitted to the hospital, while in case of less than 90% saturation, it is necessary to keep the patient in the ICU.
Now people will be able to order oxygen concentrator online or by courier from abroad.
Everyone is frightened by the new wave of Corona. Due to the new mutants of the virus, this time the victims are having more difficulty in breathing, due to which the demand for oxygen concentrator has increased a lot. In view of the situation, the government has included the import of oxygen concentrator for personal use in the list of exempted category. For personal use, people will now be able to order oxygen concentrator online or by courier from abroad.
When it is being discussed all around, it is important to know what the oxygen concentrators are, when they are needed and how they are used or not. To survive we need a constant supply of oxygen, which flows from our lungs to various cells of the body. COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that affects our lungs and due to which the amount of oxygen in the body can fall to dangerous levels. In such a situation, in order to increase the level of oxygen in the body to a medically acceptable level, we need to give medical oxygen therapy using oxygen.
How much oxygen in a healthy person
Oxygen levels in the body are measured as ‘oxygen saturation’ which is abbreviated as ‘SPO-two’. It is a measure of the amount of hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood. Oxygen saturation in the artery of a healthy person with normal lungs is 95% – 100%. According to the World Health Organization’s training manual on pulse oximetry, if the oxygen saturation is 94% or less, the patient needs to be treated quickly. If the saturation falls below 90%, it is considered a medical emergency.
Less than 93 percent oxygen required to go to hospital
According to the latest medical guidance for the management of adult patients of COVID-19 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, the patient needs to be hospitalized when there is 93% or less oxygen saturation on room air, while less than 90% It is imperative to keep the patient in the ICU in the condition of saturation. In view of the situation arising due to the second wave of epidemics, we have to do whatever is best to maintain the oxygen level of the patient in the event of delay or inability to enter the hospital according to the clinical management protocol. needed.
How does an oxygen concentrator work?
We know that the atmosphere air contains about 78% nitrogen and 21% oxygen. Oxygen concentrator is a simple device that does exactly what its name expresses. These devices take air from the atmosphere and filter nitrogen from it and throw it away and increase the oxygen densely. These oxygen concentrators supply oxygen needed for the body in the same way as oxygen tanks or cylinders. Through a cannula (cannula), oxygen mask or nasal tubes. The difference is that, while cylinders need to be refilled frequently, oxygen concentrators can work 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Who can use them, and when?
Does this mean that anyone who finds their oxygen levels below acceptable levels can use a concentrator and help themselves? The answer is absolutely not. Talking to PIB on the correct use of the concentrator, B.C. J. Professor Sanyogita Naik, Professor and Head of the Department of Anesthesia, Medical College, Pune, said that “Oxygen concentrator can be used only in limited cases of COVID-19. That too when the patient experiences a drop in oxygen level and his need to take oxygen from outside is maximum 5 liters per minute. ” He stated that “oxygen concentrators are also very useful for patients experiencing post-covid complications that require oxygen therapy.”
Can we use them ourselves?
The answer is not at all. Speaking at a webinar organized by PIB on 30 April, Dr. Chaitanya H. Balakrishnan, COVID Co-ordinator of St. John’s Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, made it very clear that using oxygen concentrator without medical guidance can be extremely harmful. . “Patients with less than 94 percent oxygen saturation in pneumonia born with COVID-19 may benefit from being given supplemental oxygen from an oxygen concentrator. But only until he is admitted to the hospital. However, doing so without appropriate medical advice can be harmful for patients who use it. ”
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