India is the world’s third largest oil importer and is dependent on foreign supplies for 85 per cent of its demand.
The government has set a target of 20 percent ethanol blending in petrol in the next two years, which will help the country reduce dependence on expensive oil imports. Earlier, the government had set a target of achieving this by 2025, which has now been made closer to 2023.
Last year, the government had set a target of 10 per cent ethanol blending in petrol (mixing 10 per cent ethanol with 90 per cent petrol) by 2022, followed by increasing the amount of ethanol blending to 20 per cent by 2030. Earlier this year, it was changed to 2025 instead of 2030 and now it has been further improved to April 2023.
Will come into effect from 1st April 2023
The Ministry of Petroleum said in a notification, the Central Government hereby directs that oil companies shall sell petrol with a blend of 20 per cent ethanol in accordance with the standards of Bureau of Indian Standards in all states and union territories. This notification will come into effect from April 1, 2023.
India is the world’s third largest oil importer and is dependent on foreign suppliers for 85 per cent of its demand.
How many liters of ethanol will be needed
In the current ethanol supply year that started in October last year, India plans to sell petrol with 10 per cent ethanol blending. To achieve this ratio, about 4 billion liters of ethanol would be required. To achieve the target of 20 per cent ethanol blending by 2023, 10 billion liters of ethanol would be required.
To produce the required seven billion liters of ethanol, the sugar industry will have to use 6 million tonnes of surplus sugar while the rest of the ethanol will be produced from surplus grains.
what is ethanol
Ethanol is a type of alcohol that is mixed with petrol and used as fuel in vehicles. Ethanol is produced from sugarcane. By mixing it in petrol, carbon monoxide can be reduced by 35 percent.
The common man will also benefit greatly from ethanol blending petrol. A car powered by ethanol heats up much less than petrol. Alcohol evaporates quickly in ethanol, due to which the engine does not warm up quickly.
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