Poland’s first fee of EU restoration funds dangers being delayed
after the European Commission detected one key factor lacking from
the nation’s proposed judicial reforms, Trend reviews citing
The reforms centre on the disciplinary chamber of the Supreme
Court, a controversial physique that’s largely seen as a instrument of
authorities encroachment upon the judiciary and that the European
Court of Justice (ECJ) has deemed incompatible with EU regulation.
The chamber has the facility to punish judges for the content material of
their rulings, for asking inquiries to the European Court of
Justice and for verifying that different courts are unbiased and
Potential penalties embody fines, wage cuts, suspension and
waiver of immunity.
Warsaw is predicted to reform the chamber and put in place a brand new
physique according to EU requirements.
“We’re nonetheless assessing the brand new regulation on the disciplinary regime,
so no last conclusion is feasible as we speak,” mentioned Ursula von der
Leyen, president of the European Commission, on Friday
“But I can already say that this new regulation shouldn’t be making certain that
judges are in a position to query the standing of one other choose with out
risking being topic to disciplinary offence.”
“That is a requirement that’s wanted, so this situation nonetheless has
to be addressed,” she added.
“We’re not carried out with the evaluation of the entire regulation however we see
that this half is already lacking.”
Over the previous years, Brussels repeatedly requested Poland to
dismantle the chamber and adjust to ECJ rulings. The standoff led
to the blockage of the nation’s €35-billion restoration plan.
Warsaw finally relented and agreed to reform the disciplinary
regime as a part of a deal to unlock the funds.
Polish President Andrzej Duda proposed a substitute to
supervise magistrates, the Chamber of Professional Responsibility,
that was endorsed final month by the Polish parliament.
Legal consultants have warned the brand new physique would nonetheless grant the
govt an excessive amount of energy over the judiciary.
Warsaw was initially given till the top of the second quarter
— that’s, finish of June — to reform the disciplinary regime and
set up a substitute aligned with EU regulation.
But, as von der Leyen pointedly famous, the Commission has
already seen the brand new chamber would nonetheless enable judges to be
punished in the event that they carry checks on their friends — a crimson line for the
An identical warning was issued yesterday by Věra Jourová, the
Commission’s vice-president accountable for values and
Although the primary deadline has now handed, Poland nonetheless has
time to make the required modifications to adjust to the Commission’s
calls for. But this extra tweak will probably delay the primary
disbursement of EU restoration funds, anticipated to be price barely
over €4 billion.
Poland cannot make a proper request for fee till the
judicial reforms have been absolutely applied.
However, the deal between Brussels and Warsaw has been
criticised for holding loopholes and inadequate ensures to
restore the rule of regulation.